Students‘ Essays

Writing an academic essay means creating ideas into an argument. The basic university student essay has following standardized structure:
paragraph 1 – introduction
paragraph 2 – body
paragraph 3 – conclusion

dr.streda-format-essay

Credit issuing will take place on Tuesday, May 21, 2019 at 2:00 PM and on Thursday, May 30, 2019 at 10:00 AM in the Purkyne´s Institute Large Auditorium (Purkyňův ústav, velká posluchárna), Albertov 4, Prague 2.

To get credits you need to:
1) Reply questions under each lecture video on Youtube (as a comment).
2) Write thesis (essay at least 2 pages A4) and submit it on this webpage. How to upload essay to the system:

Open the website www.streda.com and click on the tab English –> Students‘ Essays.

At the end of the page (at the bottom) there is space for Comment („Napsat komentář“). Upload your seminar work there according to the instructions in the following picture.

1. Enter the text of your work into the „Comment/Komentář“ field.
2. Type your first name and last name into the „Name/Jméno“ field.
3. Send the seminar work by clicking on „Send Comment/Odeslat komentář“.
Leave the other two fields blank.
If the work is okay, your comment will be approved.

45 komentářů u „Students‘ Essays

  1. Wibke Schumacher

    Education for health care in Germany

    Education for health care is a very important topic. I am originally from Germany and have been to Kindergarten, preschool and also high school there. In my opinion, children should be educated in living a healthy and balanced life from the very start so that they have all the tools of living healthy when they grow up. Moreover, it is important to implement all activities and actions towards this goal in the daily life of people.
    In Germany, the Robert-Koch-Institute has launched many studies on education for health care and also gives advice and regulations to local institutions. Health care education is accompanying people in Germany throughout the different mile stones in life. It already starts in pregnancy where general doctors educate pregnant women how they should behave in order to have a healthy baby. They are taught what to eat, what exercises to do and how to prepare for the arrival of the baby. Especially the instruction not to drink nor smoke during pregnancy is taken very seriously and there have been several public campaigns to advertise this. Once the baby is born, parents are also advised on living healthy lives by their general doctors and pediatricians in order to keep the baby healthy. In the first weeks after giving birth, they are for example educated on how to put the baby to bed and what arrangements to make in order to prevent sudden infant death. Once the child attends Kindergarten, the children are motivated to take place in daily sportive and fun exercises, if possible in the nature or outside. A main goal is to educate the children that sports and staying active is fun and they should not feel as if they are forced to do it. Moreover, the children are educated on healthy eating and do basic cooking with teachers together including cutting vegetables, fruits and preparing freshly cooked meals. It is important to also include parents, who prepare meals for their children at home, in this educational process. Therefore, parents should also be invited to those activities and join cooking afternoons, sportive celebrations, etc. In kindergarten, there is also a dentist coming every six months to teach children how to properly brush their teeth. They are given colorful tooth brushes, timers and funny posters on how to brush teeth to make it more fun for them. As the prevalence for psychological problems arises, children are also taught how to relax and take time for themselves. In some kindergartens, a so called “snoozel room” is included, where the child can go and sleep, look at a book or play by himself quietly for a while. They are also taught how to sit or lay down calmly in order to get some rest. Before the child is going to enter preschool, there is also a mandatory doctoral check-up testing for possible need of glasses, problems in concentration and problems with social contacts to provide the best requirements before entering school. When the child goes to preschool, education for health is continued and intensified. Once again, the focus is mainly put towards staying active, doing sports and learning how to cope with stress.
    In high school, there also arises the need to educate young people on safe sex. It is done in biology class, where they are taught the main principles of conception and also have lessons on how to prevent unwanted pregnancies and sexual transmitted diseases. This is done by their teachers and also some non profit organizations who focus on preventing the transmission of HIV. There has been a nation wide campaign with famous superstars on posters, who say things like “I like to do it romantically – and with a condom”. Also, in high school there is a big focus on preventing teens from starting to smoke and developing unhealthy drinking habits. Big campaigns also supported by models, popstars and celebrities that teenagers look up to are very popular in Germany, since this is a period of time where teens do not want to take advice from parents or teachers. The idea of smoking as unattractive, uncool and unhealthy is promoted on television, in talk shows, in magazines and school projects.
    Even after people start to work, education for health is sometimes continued. It might be more difficult to change a behavior that patients have become used to in their everyday lives for a prolonged period of time already. Nevertheless, especially after having had some health issues like heart attacks, overweight, high blood pressure or diabetes, patients can be very motivated to change their behavior towards a healthier lifestyle and should be motivated and supported. That is why many companies and employers encourage their employees and support them with health programs paid by the employer. Employees can attend healthy cooking classes, join fitness centers at a lower prices or participate in sport events like runs or other competitions. It has become popular to include “active breaks”, meaning that a trainer or coach comes to the offices to do a 15 minute workout with the workers who tend to sit all day long. Moreover, there are often seminars for people with office jobs on how to sit up straight, how to put the computer into the right position so that the eyes do not get tired too quickly and how to prevent backaches and prolapses. In my mom’s office for example, employers were given desks that can electrically be transformed into a standing desk, so that she can decide to not sit all day long which can be damaging to the back. To make the daily lives better by educating for health problems and telling people little and easy things is for me the most effective way. I myself have had very many opportunities to get health care education as a child, a teenager and a young adult. In my opinion, the system in Germany works very well and many institutions, governmental programs and private projects work very well together and contribute to a wide offer of opportunities. Nevertheless, I think that most of these projects are aimed for middle class people who work in office jobs, have children who go to good schools and know already on how to implement the newly received health information into their lives. People who have a lower social economic status are, in my personal view, often left out – even though this target group could benefit a lot from the described projects and interventions. In summary, I would say that Germany has a good foundation of health care education, but it can always be improved.

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