Students‘ Essays

Writing an academic essay means creating ideas into an argument. The basic university student essay has following standardized structure:
paragraph 1 – introduction
paragraph 2 – body
paragraph 3 – conclusion


Credit issuing will take place on Tuesday, May 21, 2019 at 2:00 PM and on Thursday, May 30, 2019 at 10:00 AM in the Purkyne´s Institute Large Auditorium (Purkyňův ústav, velká posluchárna), Albertov 4, Prague 2.

To get credits you need to:
1) Reply questions under each lecture video on Youtube (as a comment).
2) Write thesis (essay at least 2 pages A4) and submit it on this webpage. How to upload essay to the system:

Open the website and click on the tab English –> Students‘ Essays.

At the end of the page (at the bottom) there is space for Comment („Napsat komentář“). Upload your seminar work there according to the instructions in the following picture.

1. Enter the text of your work into the „Comment/Komentář“ field.
2. Type your first name and last name into the „Name/Jméno“ field.
3. Send the seminar work by clicking on „Send Comment/Odeslat komentář“.
Leave the other two fields blank.
If the work is okay, your comment will be approved.

84 komentářů u „Students‘ Essays

  1. Chabeli Santos Appelman

    Health care systems in my country


    The health care systems in Portugal are composed of mainly the public health care system, comprising the major portion of the total health care of the population (10,3 million). The public sector has been maturing in the recent decade but it’s not yet grown to the point of being able to provide the public with the full scope of needs it requires.


    The current public health care system in Portugal, was created in 1979, after the social and economic conditions in the country had changed significantly, following the political restructuring after 1974, year in which the dictatorship ended.
    The health care system is a structure through which the Portuguese government ensures the right to health (promotion, protection and vigilance) to all Portuguese citizens. Every citizen gets assigned a “health service number” at birth, which is on the individual’s ID, and at no time does a person lose the right to free health care, nor does the system comprise of private owned insurance companies, although they do exist in the private health care spheres.
    The public health care consists of hospitals, and smaller centers in various locations. Regular doctor’s offices and clinics don’t work through the public system and require either payment by the patient, or co-participation by one of the private health insurance companies.
    A handful of public-private co-op hospitals exist in the country.
    The system ensures every person has a family practitioner, and through the GP, patients are sent to other specialists for diagnostics, treatments etc. Many essential medications are partially or totally covered by the public system. Vaccinations according to the schedule are free for everyone.

    Although the health care in Portugal ensures everyone gets access and treatment, the system is far from perfect. Several areas in the country, specifically inland, have lack of resources and specialists, which requires people to dislocate to larger cities. Also the limited budget poses a risk to the vitality of the system by causing, overcrowding, due to lack of facilities for number of patients, increased waiting times, for obtaining access but also for treatment and surgeries. Furthermore the relatively low wages of doctors and nurses, in comparison to other European countries has led to a massive efflux of health care professionals from the country, compounding the situation. Several reforms have been made in the last decade, which have not yet been able to solve the situation, and the economic condition of the country does not allow the government to expand the quality of the health care system.

    The private sphere has better conditions in terms of waiting times and overcrowding, access to procedures etc. But due to the low adherence of the public to private health care, due to financial reasons, the private sector has not had the incentive to grow and expand and be able to be at the level of the public system, mainly involving major procedures requiring expensive equipment. This has although changed over the last decade, and the private sector has seen a major growth in the country as people have become more displeased and distrusting of the public system. Understandably, most individuals are not able to afford the high prices of private insurance.


    In conclusion, the health care system in Portugal tries to ensure equality and high standard of care to all Portuguese citizens, but lack of resources have affected the stability of the system, many rural areas are undersupplied, doctors and nurses are underpaid, leading to understaffing due to emigration, and the system is overburdened in all areas. The government actively tries to solve these essential issues, some improvements have been noted, but it remains an ongoing effort to improve the system.

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