Students‘ Essays

Writing an academic essay means creating ideas into an argument. The basic university student essay has following standardized structure:
paragraph 1 – introduction
paragraph 2 – body
paragraph 3 – conclusion


Credit issuing will take place on Tuesday, May 21, 2019 at 2:00 PM and on Thursday, May 30, 2019 at 10:00 AM in the Purkyne´s Institute Large Auditorium (Purkyňův ústav, velká posluchárna), Albertov 4, Prague 2.

To get credits you need to:
1) Reply questions under each lecture video on Youtube (as a comment).
2) Write thesis (essay at least 2 pages A4) and submit it on this webpage. How to upload essay to the system:

Open the website and click on the tab English –> Students‘ Essays.

At the end of the page (at the bottom) there is space for Comment („Napsat komentář“). Upload your seminar work there according to the instructions in the following picture.

1. Enter the text of your work into the „Comment/Komentář“ field.
2. Type your first name and last name into the „Name/Jméno“ field.
3. Send the seminar work by clicking on „Send Comment/Odeslat komentář“.
Leave the other two fields blank.
If the work is okay, your comment will be approved.

84 komentářů u „Students‘ Essays

  1. Anna Talash

    Healthcare in Israel

    The healthcare in State of Israel is universal and has a compulsory participation in a medical insurance plan since the enactment of National Health Insurance Law in 1995 . The healthcare system has unique history originating during the Ottoman era. While the healthcare education started only after the British Mandate.

    The healthcare provided in Palestine was poor and underdeveloped. The Jews of the First Aliyah [migration wave] attempted to establish their own medical system. First Jewish hospitals were established in Jerusalem. And the Yishiv [Jewish establishment] with Baron Rothschild’s financial backing had hired a physician that travelled between the communities and ran a pharmacy. During World War I the Ottoman authorities closed the hospitals, seizing the equipment and drafting doctors. After the War in 1918 an American Zionist organization helped to reestablish the medical system. Hospitals were reopened and new facilities established.
    With the start of British rule improvements to public health level were made. The improvements included mandatory vaccination, eradication of malaria, elevation of general level of hygiene. The British administration also operated Health Department that operated its own hospitals, clinics and laboratories. As it cared for British personnel and for the Arab population, the Yishuv managed its own healthcare system. During this time there was an expansion in Jewish population due to Aliyahs. More healthcare centers were established, new hospitals, amount of beds enlarged.

    The health system established by Yishuv served as the base of healthcare systém of the newly established Israeli state. The British Health Department was replaced by Israeli Ministry of Health. Facilities that before were run by British authorities were taken over by the state, new facilities were established.

    At the end of 1948 only half of population was insured. Throughout the following years the systém was expanded and more than 90% were insured. In 1988 the government appointed Commission of Inquiry to examine effectiveness and efficiency of Israeli Healthcare systém. The report was handed in in 1990 and the main recommendation was to enact National Health Insurance Law. It was enacted on 1st of January 1995. Membership in any of the Sick funds was guaranteed with Israeli residents entitled to same basic basket of services and to switch between them once a year.

    In 2000s the future shortage of doctors and nurses became a concern. The rate of doctors graduating from Israeli medical schools had dropped. Now, even though the number had risen there still will a large number of missing specialists. To negate this Israel offers incentives to Jewish doctors to emigrate from abroad and practice medicine in Israel.

    First medical school was founded only in 1949 at Jerusalem-based Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Most of the teaching stuff was refugees with German medical training before migration to Palestine. And until recently basic medical education in Israel followed European model of 6 years of training after high school and military service. The competition to enter any of the five medical schools is fierce. Admittance is based on academic achievement and on the passing grade of Psychometric Entrance Test.

    All medical schools have reviewed their curricular and had modernized their educational frameworks, retaining emphasis on lectures and examinations based on multiple-choice-type questions. In past decade the Council of Higher Education assessed all medical schools, yielding strong recommendations, only partially implemented by the schools. The main recommendations focus on need to change the exit exam to one performance based testing that is more integrative. The second recommendation calls for cooperation between healthcare providers and education community to align needs for health-care capacity. Such recommendation bases on lacking numbers of human resources in several departments. Among such are nursing, emergency medicine and primary care doctors. Or instead a surplus of physical therapists. Continued medical education is provided as part of employment contract for some of practitioners. The content of this education is still a choice made by practitioner and doesn’t necessarily relate to performance or needs.
    No universal framework for continued medical education exists. Relicensing is not a requirement for all doctors.

    As seen above the healthcare system has overcome many difficulties since its organization. The education system established to support it is regarded worldwide, with the medical graduates sought after. There is still need of improvements to educational system to meet the needs of the system and it requires a lot of cooperation between many departments and organizations.

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